Kerosene is popular fuel that has been used all throughout the ages for light and heating. In the modern era, it is also a very common form of jet fuel. It is important to note, however, that there are many different designations of kerosene to choose from. This makes it important to ensure that you are using the right grade for any given application. Following are a few important things to know about different grades of kerosene.
In years past, this fuel was largely used as a source of light. When the sun set, people took great care to light their lamps and then snuff them out before going to bed. This manner of illumination was known as a hurricane lamp. Due to the fact that this fuel is highly combustible, liquid hydrocarbon, it had to be used with caution. Beyond the tremendous risk of fire, there is also the fact that it produces a number of dangerous pollutants as the result of burning.
Different grades of this fuel vary according to their sulfur content. This affects the level of toxins that are emitted as the result of burning. It also impacts the smell produced and other factors. Aside from changes in sulphur content, the two different grades of this substance have properties that are otherwise identical.
The first grade is designated as 1-K. This is pure, high energy version that is slightly yellow in color to clear. By weight it has a maximum content of sulfur of 0.04 percent. This makes it possible to burn this substance without having a flue or other venting method. It does not produce a number of fumes or impurities and residence should remain safe from air quality related concerns.
One very important thing to note, however, is that this is hardly the case with options that have been dyed red. Even if they fall within this same grade, they are in no way to be considered pure. They will produce far more fumes and impurities when burned, and should not be used in areas that lack flues or other acceptable methods of venting.
There is a content of up to 0.30 sulphur in the two-K grade of this fuel. This is significantly higher than the k-1 grade. As such, it should only ever be used in appliances that have proper flues. Without venting, it can be very dangerous to humans, animals, and any other living things within the vicinity. It produces a considerable amount of fumes and impurities, especially when compared to the light yellow or clear version.
When purchasing these products, it is always important to pay attention to their grade. Even though one designation is far lighter in color than the other, you have to take care to read the label. When purchasing the light-colored K-1 or 1-K variety, be mindful of the fact that the addition of red dye greatly alters its overall content of impurities and its level of safety.
If you need help choosing a fuel type for any appliance that you have owned or rented, be sure to check with the appliance owner or manufacturer. You can often get a clear recommendation for the designation that should be used. The absolute best safety protocol with combustible fuels is to always do the proper research to clear any doubt before purchasing and burning any fuel selection within an enclosed environment.